Currently, 299 Industrial Zones (IZ) have been established across the country with a total area of 85,000 hectares of land, including an area of rentable land reaching 56,000 hectares, accounting for 66% of their total land area. In addition, 16 Economic Zones (EZ) have been established in coastal areas with a total ground and water area of 814,792 hectares. The IZs and EZs have made important and practical contributions to socio-economic development in their local areas, as well as in the country as a whole. Just within the first nine months of 2015, the total revenue of enterprises in the IZs, EZs reached $90 billion U.S. dollars (USD), export turnover reached $58.6 billion USD (accounting for about 52% of total exports of the country), total contributions to the State budget reached 65.313 billion dong, and 2.57 million workers gained employment. However, the performance of the IZs, and EZs has still not reached its potential due to these causes: cohesion is lacking between enterprises in the IZs and EZs in manufacturing and processing industries, production clusters with scale and close linkages have not been formed; and there are too few production and processing bases in the IZs and EZs. Therefore, it is necessary to develop IZs and EZs into key processing and manufacturing areas with strong linkages in production among secondary enterprises in the IZs, EZs in order to improve the operational efficiency of these models.